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53 years after Creating States: The Challenges

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By Abbas Yushau Yusuf
On May 27 1967, the military administration of General Yakubu Gowon created 12 states out of the four regions, North, West, Midwest and East.
The creation of the states was viewed as a move to weaken the power of the regional governments who were hitherto threatening to  scessed due to politics and regional sentiments .
 General Gowon’s move to create states was also another intention to avert looming civil war, which may not be unconnected with the insurbodination of the Eastern regional governor, Lieutenant Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu.

Former Head of state, General Yakubu Gowon.

But instead of preventing the civil war, the creation of states by General Yakubu Gowon aggravated the situation. Three days after, Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu replied on May 30 1967 and declared independent sovereign state of Biafra.

Former Head of state ,Late General Murtala Muhammad

After Nigeria’s independence in 1960 , agitations were rife over ethnic hegemony by dominant Nigerian tribes, the accusations mostly emanate from ethnic minorities and counter accusations.

Former Military President,Gen.Ibrahim Babangida.

Therefore creation of states by Gowon pleased some minorities in the defunct Northern  and Eastern regions due to the diversity of tribes residing there.
But after Gowon’s creation of 12 state’s structure for Nigeria, have  the agitations stopped? It’s capital NO, the call for the creation of more states in Nigeria has  continued and had  successive Nigerian governments to date heeded to the calls Nigeria would be having 100 states by now.
But the feat of creating states is only ascribed to military governments who can nail any uprising that may arise as a result of creation of states.
General’s that created states are Gowon,May 27  1967, General Murtala Muhammad February 3rd ,1976, General Ibrahim Babangida 1987 and 1991 and lastly General Sani Abacha 1st October 1996.

Former Head of state ,Late Gen. Sani Abacha.

From three regions to four regions to twelve states to  nineteen states to twenty one to 30 and finally to 36.
Pundits said states were created  to accelerate development but instead of that only three states out of thirty six can stand on their feet if federal government stops  federal allocation.
Another expert idea said if the defunct regions of Nigeria were allowed to continue, even development will reach every where as the regions were then competing with each other in bringing development to their people.
For example Chief Obafemi Awolowo, the first Premier of the West introduced free and compulsory education, other regions followed suit. West was the first region to establish a television station, the Western Nigerian Television and other regions started it.
It was said the regions are more knit, powerful and supported  the federal government ,now it’s the states that are at the mercy of Nigeria’s powerful Federal government.

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Sports

Galadima Knocks Nigeria Sports Handlers Over Laziness in Talent Development,

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By Abdulgafar Oladimeji.

Former chairman, Nigeria Football Association , NFA Ibrahim Galadima(MFR) has faulted the administration, promotion and development of sports in Nigeria, noting that  the continuous  degenerating  global  status of Nigeria on the  sporting  arena could be attributed to laziness.

The outspoken sports administrator   stated that the absence of  clear  cut policies  on how  sports should be driven in Nigeria  constitutes parts of the factors that  has enrolled Nigeria on the path of total  failure.

Galadima in his remarks  on ( Thursday)at a one day workshop organized by Sports Writers Association of Nigeria, SWAN  Kano state chapter held at the conference hall of the Kano state Sports Commission with the theme “Early Warnings and Security Vigilance At Sports Events, he said “we re yet to clearly structure and drive the message clearly to say whether we   are in sports for business or  for leisure purposes.”

“our sports is going through difficult times, certainly, the Kenyans have  a clear concentration, they  have  shown clearly where they belong by dominating marathon races, recently they came to Kaduna and stamped their dominance.

“The abundant talent in Nigeria remained untapped, no age group graduation, even if you are in Chad, you are considered as a foreign based athlete, we are now so lazy in identifying talents.” Galadima lamented.

He alleged that lack of trust and confidence has  sent sponsors out of the industry, adding that potential brand sponsors are shying away from injecting their monies into  the industry for the fear of unaccountability.

 

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TRIBUTE TO PROF. IBRAHIM AGBOOLA GAMBARI CHIEF OF STAFF TO THE PRESIDENT FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA🇳🇬, AN ASTUTE LEADER, AND GLOBAL STATESMAN AT 76th

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By Alh. Dr Bello Al- Adam

On behalf of myself and my family, I join millions of friends and well-wishers to felicitate with a renowned diplomat and international statesman on this special occasion of your 76th Birthday.

My family and I are proud to be associated with you, therefore we heartily congratulate you for a life of exploit in Diplomacy, Academia, and Administration, both at National and International levels.
Indeed, you are an epitome of leadership and *AN OUTSTANDING ORBITER OF A GREAT AFRICAN VISION* for your good work and the selflessness in Promotion of Diplomacy, Democracy and Developments.

May Almighty Allah (SWT) continue to give you more Protection, sound Health, Longer Years of Fruitful Living and Greater Fulfilment of your aspirations to the highest level

Your unwavering support and succour for the downtrodden and your relentless pursuit for the betterment of Humanity towards ensuring a Developmental stride in the country have not gone unnoticed. They are laudable, commendable and well appreciated by Mr.President.

On this day, I wish you the best life has got to offer, *while praying that Allah increases you in Health and keep protecting you against hypocritical enemies of our president and the Government which you serve unflinchingly*.

Kindly accept the assurances of my esteem regards, Happy many more years in returns Sir.

ONCE MORE, HAPPY BIRTHDAY SIR

Alh. Dr. Bello Al-Adam

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Eating Excessive Fats Causes Heart Attack

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Auwal Musa Umar
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By Auwal Musa Umar

 

MALNUTRITION

The term “Malnutrition” was derived from the combination of two words “Mal” and “Nutrition” which refers to “Bad Nutrition”.

Malnutrition can be caused by over-nutrition (excess energy or nutrient intake) or undernutrition (deficient energy or nutrient intake).

The concept of malnutrition usually considered as a condition that results when the cells do not receive an adequate supply of the essential nutrients because of poor diet or poor utilization of food.

In some instances, it presents because people do not or cannot eat enough of the foods that provide the essential nutrients to satisfy body needs.

At other times people may eat well-balanced diets but suffer from diseases that prevent normal usage of the nutrients.

Overnutrition has become a larger problem in some parts of the world than undernutrition. Overeating and the ingestion of large doses of various vitamins and minerals (without a prescription) are two major causes of over nutrition worldwide.

Firstly, people supposed to understand the BASIC courses of Nutrient Deficiency; a nutrient deficiency set in when a person lacks one or more nutrients over a period of time.

Kano ,Now has a New Nutrition Policy and Action Plan-PS Balarabe

Nutrient deficiencies classified as primary or secondary. Primary deficiencies are caused by inadequate dietary intake. Secondary deficiencies are caused by something other than diets, such as a disease condition that may cause malabsorption, accelerated excretion, or destruction of the nutrients. Nutrient deficiencies can result in malnutrition

INDIVIDUALS AT RISK FROM POOR NUTRITIONAL INTAKE

Teenagers may eat often but at unusual hours. They may miss regularly scheduled meals, become hungry, and satisfy their hunger with foods that have low nutrient density such as potato chips, cakes, soda, and candy.

 

Foods with low nutrient density provide an abundance of calories, but the nutrients are primarily carbohydrates and fats and, except for sodium, very limited amounts of proteins, vitamins, and minerals.

 

Teenagers are subject to peer pressure; that is, they are easily influenced by the opinions of their friends. If friends favor foods with low nutrient density, it is difficult for a teenager to differ from them.

Crash diets, which unfortunately are common among teens, sometimes result in a form of malnutrition.

Pregnancy increases a woman’s hunger and the need for certain nutrients, especially proteins, minerals, and vitamins. Pregnancy during adolescence requires extreme care in food selection.

 

The young mother-to-be requires a diet that provides sufficient nutrients for the developing fetus as well as for her own still-growing body. Many factors influence nutrition in the elderly, depression, loneliness, lack of income, inability to shop, inability to prepare meals, and the state of overall health can all lead to malnutrition.

Nutrition has many effects some the cumulative effects of nutrition; there is an increasing concern among health professionals regarding the cumulative effects of nutrition.

 

Cumulative effects are the results of something that is done repeatedly over many years. For example, eating excessive amounts of saturated fats for many years contributes to atherosclerosis, which leads to heart attacks.

Years of overeating can cause obesity and may also contribute to hypertension, type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes, gallbladder disease, foot problems, certain cancers, and even personality disorders.

Deficiency Diseases when nutrients are seriously lacking in the diet for an extended period, deficiency diseases can occur.

The most common form of deficiency disease in Nigeria among women of reproductive age is iron deficiency, which is caused by a lack of the mineral iron and can cause iron-deficiency anemia, which is particularly common among children and women.

 

Iron is a necessary component of the blood and is lost during each menstrual period.

In addition, the amount of iron needed during childhood and pregnancy is greater than normal because of the growth of the child or the fetus. Rickets is another example of deficiency disease.

 

It causes poor bone formation in children and is due to insufficient calcium and vitamin D. These same deficiencies cause osteomalacia in young adults and osteoporosis in older adults.

 

Osteomalacia is sometimes called “adult rickets.” It causes the bones to soften and may cause the spine to bend and the legs to become bowed. Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bones to become porous and excessively brittle.

 

Too little iodine may cause goiter, and a severe shortage of vitamin A client’s ability to buy and prepare food can lead to blindness.

Auwal Musa Umar Is the President (ANDs/IDN)Association Of Nigerian Dietitians/Institute of Dietetics in Nigeria. Kano state chapter.

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