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Opinion

Boko Haram and Their Renewed Attacks in the North-Dembo

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Lieutenant General Taoreed Lagbaja,Chief Of Army Staff

 

By AbdurRaheem Sa’ad Dembo

In recent weeks Boko Haram has renewed their attacks in the North East. May we never go back to the era where the group consistently carried out attacks on daily basis. It is not a matter of prayers and wishes only, but also that of proactive measures such as intelligent gathering, formidable tactical approach and consistent military appraisal of the situation.

I am not a military man but a conscious and patriotic Nigerian who wants the best for my country at any given time. No nation can prosper in the absence of peace; hence need it to flourish and grow.

The recent attacks on Geidam town on 2nd November ,2023 where about 37 villagers were killed is depressing and mindboggling. At first they short 17 people and killed 20 other mourners through land mine according to an eye witness. I know Geidam town a bit because during my NYSC days in Yobe 2007/2008 Batch A, I visited Idris Aloma Polytechnic for our MCAN rural Da’awah. I was the State Public Relations Officer of Yobe Muslim Corpers Association of Nigeria (MCAN) at that time. Earlier last week or there about Boko Haram attacked Custom House and killed a custom officer in the same Geidam town.Meanwhile, Geidam is usually a peaceful town where one can find comfort with nature and tranquility.

It would be recalled that Boko haram started their mindless attacks in 2009 to establish their ideology that centred on “Western Education is forbidden” Many lives were lost.Villages were deserted and that was the reason for the emergence of IDPs camps till today.

President Good luck’s administration did his best to curtail the activities of Boko Haram, but it wasn’t successful as suicide bombing were heightened. Of course his regime made several efforts but it doesn’t put a stop to the bombings .On the whole his administration didn’t fail as much as his adversaries had painted it on the issue of Boko Haram.

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In 2015 when president Muhammadu Buhari came onboard he identified the fact that our military needed more equipment and fighter jets.That was why he invested hundreds of millions of dollars to purchase Super fire fighter equipment including Super TUCANO. Frankly speaking Buhari’s administration decimated Boko Haram, because there were no suicide bombings though there were still some killings. One of the successes of Buhari’s administration on Boko Haram was that,he restricted them to Borno and some parts of Yobe State.

In September this year Boko Haram killed 10 farmers and abducted several others in Mafa Location Government Area of Born State. During the same time the insurgents also obtained 4 million naira from a business man in Zannari ward as ransom. Kudos to our military for they have been doing great jobs to wipe out insurgents both in the past and in recent times.We have lost many officers in the fight against insurgents and banditry.

It is imperative to say that I have never written any piece about the insurgents, but I had to write this time because there seems to be renewed audacity on their part. Our security operatives should intensify their efforts to stop the menace as they have done in Kano today, 3rd October,2023.Here is what the military joint taskforce said as monitored via Daily Trust newspaper:

“The Joint troops of the Nigerian Army and the Department of State Services (DSS) say they have averted an imminent attack on Kano by insurgents”

According to the Director, Army Public Relations, Brigadier General Onyema Nwachukwu, a dawn raid operation was carried out on the terrorists’ hideout on Friday”.

More Importantly,the Governor of Borno state Professor Babagana Zulum lamented recently that Boko Haram and ISWAP are recruiting young men into their fold and warned that if such is not checkmated there would be danger ahead. Here is part of what he said “We have to stop the younger ones from being recruited into Boko Haram and ISWAP, otherwise, in the near future, the entire Nigeria will be wiped off the map”.

The Governor said this while hosting the reconstituted Management Board of the North-East Development Commission (NEDC) at the Council Chambers of the State Government House in Maiduguri.

President Tinubu’s administration should leave no stone unturned to securing our Nation. Bandits have also renewed their kidnappings and attacks. In September about 24 students of Federal University, Gusau were kidnapped including construction workers.Though some of them had been rescued.

A secured Nation is where there will be prosperity, progress and hope.Let us join hands with the Government to secure our country

Opinion

The Benefit of State Creation, By Adnan Mukhtar

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Comrade Adnan Tudunwada
Adnan Mukhtar Tudun Wada

 

 

On July 11, the Senator representing Kano South Sulaiman Abdulrahman Kawu Sumaila sponsored a bill for the creation of a new state, Tiga State.

This is not the first time that people from different parts of the country are agitating for the creation of new states in their region.

The call for the creation of Tiga State didn’t start today ,During the regime of Late General Sani Abacha the creation of Tiga state gatheres momentum ,Insiders in the Presidential Villa confirmed that General Abacha have already made up his mind to carve out Tiga state from the present Kano state but due reasons best known to him the Late Head of state announced the creation of Zamfara state from the Northwest on 1st October 1996,even with that the agitation did n not die down , I came across agitators for Tigari State from Kano North and Tiga from Kano South while in Secondary school during the administration of Chief Olusegun Obasanjo.

Ned Nwoko, a Senator from Delta State sponsored a similar bill for the creation of Anioma State.

Young men like me who are in their early 30s and not current with issues in the country may think that the recent move by Senator Sumaila was the first of its kind.

There were similar requests for the creation of Okura state out of Kogi, Aba from Abia, Hadeija from Jigawa, Katagum from Bauchi, Karadua and Kafur from Katsina, Lagoon from Lagos, Borgu, Kainji and Gurara from Niger and many more.

In 2013, the House of Representatives received more than 50 requests for the creation of new states.

The creation of states began in 1967 when General Yakubu Gowon created 12 states after abolishing the regional system, General Murtala Mohammed 7 states, General Ibrahim Babangida created 11 states between 1987 to 1991 and General Sani Abacha created 6 states.

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Some young men on social media were criticising the move by the Senator by expressing their pessimistic thoughts that the bill may not scale a second reading or get the assent of the President. They argued that such requests had never given any priority since the return to democracy 25 years ago. The idea of creating more states is dead on arrival.

Some are of the view that such moves require a very long process because constitutional amendment in the country is a very difficult thing.

While states in the country relied on federal allocation to survive, they can’t pay salaries and their internally generated revenue has been very poor; the creation of additional states is adding a burden to the Federal government at this time of economic instability.

Nigerians are facing the most difficult economic condition under President Tinubu. Sadly, the President doesn’t care to address this critical issue by going ahead to purchase a presidential aircraft that’s worth 150 billion dollars although the president has yet to increase the minimum wage, long queues at the filling stations, a bag of rice is close to 100k with a 30k minimum wage; I wonder whether the president is serious enough in attending to this matter of National concern.

Some of the agitators of this are seeking the expansion of platforms for their citizens to utilise their potential under a federal system of government.

It was not a wrong thing to come up with this idea but a constitutional right. I’m sure most of these agitators and bill sponsors are speaking the minds of their people.

Some people are accusing Sumaila of trying to divide the people of Kano. These sets of people are deceiving themselves. The people of Kano South have been crying about marginalisation and being denied the dividends of democracy since 2011.

Abubakar Rimi was from Sumaila in Kano South, he governed Kano in the second republic. Kabiru Gaya governed Kano in 1993 and since then, the people of this zone are yet to be given any chance to govern Kano.

They have also been crying that most of the developmental and infrastructural projects are been centred in Kano Central while abandoning the rural areas.

State creation in states like Kano with 44 local governments will enhance development and bring government closer to the people.

While I support the idea of having more states like in the US, we should put this at the back of our mind states are building blocks for development in the Federal system of government and will boost democratic governance.

Adnan is a political PR consultant, he teaches Islamic History, Culture and Civilization at Federal University Dutsin-Ma. He can be reached at adnanmukhtaradam@gmail.com

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Opinion

The Political Motivations Behind Nigerian State Creation: A Historical Analysis

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Nigeria's Map
Nigerian Map

 

Abdullahi Dahiru

Many proponents of state creation believe that Nigerian states were created for progress and development but history tells us otherwise.

Sarkin Kano Sir Muhammad Sanusi had dispute with the then Northern regional government leading him to abdicate the throne in 1963. Many Kano people were angry with the way the Northern regional government treated Sarki Sanusi and decided to form a pressure group called Kano Peoples’ Party, KPP. KPP agitated for creation of Kano state out of the then Northern region because many Kano people believe the regional government unfairly treated Kano province even though the province contributed revenue to the regional government more than any other province. KPP also agitated for the reinstallation of Sarki Sanusi as the Emir of Kano.

After 1966 military coup, there was tension between the Eastern region and the central government. The governor of the then Eastern region Odumegwu Ojukwu decided to secede from Nigeria to form an independent nation of Biafra. Just 3 days before Ojukwu’s decleration of independence, the head of state Yakubu Gowon abolished the regional governments and created 12 new states. The purpose of the state creation by Gowon was to reduce the power of Ojukwu and get the support of minorities and other sections of the country. Kano province was among the new states created as Kano state partly fulfilling the wishes of the KPP.

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State creation became an important aspect of military rule. Murtala regime created seven more states bringing the total number of states to 19. In 1987, Babangida’s political bureau recommended creation of two additional states to make the total number of states divisible by three, so as to get a perfect number when 2/3 of states is being computed to determine the winner of presidential election. This was to prevent the recurrence of dispute of 1979 election about what is the 2/3 of 19 states. So Babangida created Katsina and Akwai Ibom states in 1987.

Babangida and Abacha created more states in 1991 and 1996 bringing the total number of states to 36. The 1991 and 1996 exercises were done when there were pressures for Babangida and Abacha to handover power to civilians.

During the military regions committees were formed to recommend states to be created when there were plans to do those exercises. The committees receive requests from different groups for creation of states but the ultimate decision was done by the military council. The military do that often to satisfy lobbies from high ranking military officers and powerful Nigerians. It is often not about the people or development.

State creation was easy under miltary regimes since the constitution is usually suspended. A sole administrator is posted to the new state and take up grant given by government. That is very difficult in civilian administrations because of many bottle necks.

Whoever analyses the history of state creation in Nigeria he will know that it is almost exclusively done by military regimes and it is not something done for development or anything but political expediency. The most economically viable Nigerian state has remain a single state since 1967. Civilian administrations have tried several times to create new states without success. Many states that were created are surviving only because of monthly revenue allocation from the Federal Government. Without that federal allocation, they are nothing.

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Opinion

Kawu Sumaila: A Senator in need and indeed, By Adnan Mukhtar

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I forwarded a complaint to Senator Sumaila two weeks ago over the lack of water, school, and basic amenities for the people of Kawuri and Bangashi Villages at Gaya Local Government. I told the Senator that my washerman sent this complaint to me that they have been suffering for decades over lack of water and other basic amenities in their villages. The Senator replied to me with ” Noted Adnan zamuyi abun da zamu iya.”

Kawu swung into action the next day by sending his men to construct two boreholes for each town and assured them of bringing more dividends to them as they requested.

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This is called excellent representation. Doing exactly what will bring rapid development to his zone and Kano State.

Just some weeks ago, the super Senator supported a bill for the establishment of a Federal Medical Centre at Rano, the headquarters of Kano South, which was presented to the House by Rt. Hon Kabiru Alhassan Rurum, and today he is presenting his sponsored bill for the creation of Tiga State. This is a welcome development.

Something that people are not aware of is that the entire members of the House of Representatives from Kano South are united to bring something positive to their people.

People like Rt. Hon Kabiru Alhassan Rurum, Dr. Abdulmumin Jibrin are all over bringing the dividends of democracy to their people.

 

Adnan is a university lecturer, lobbyist, and political PR consultant

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