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Mainstream Media Coverage Of Nigeria’s 2023 Presidential Election – Bashir Yusuf Ibrahim

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Bashir Yusuf Ibrahim

 

 

Bashir Yusuf Ibrahim

A casual observation of media coverage of the 2023 general election since it became clear APC was set to win the presidential election, inexorably leads one to the conclusion that the mainstream media, particularly Channels and Arise TV, is committed to doing everything possible to delegitimize the election because it could not accept the victory of APC’s Muslim/Muslim ticket. The Muslim/Muslim ticket has confounded media pundits and flies in the face of a certain ideological-cum-sectarian worldview, deeply rooted in Nigeria’s mainstream media.

The media coverage of the presidential election continues to be terribly one-sided without any semblance of balance and objectivity. If one were to judge the quality of the election by what is reported in the mainstream media only and not by what is actually happening on the ground across the nation, one would think APC is the only party guilty of electoral offences and that the 2023 general election was the worst election ever in Nigeria, worse than Prof Maurice Iwu’s election of 2007. Yet, the truth is, APC appears to be the only party in the election that failed to benefit from its incumbency both at the national and sub-national levels. Fuel scarcity, the Naira redesign policy and internal friction between the federal centre and APC-controlled states in the middle of the elections extracted a heavy electoral price on the Party both at the Federal and State levels.

I have never witnessed an election in which the ruling party was so thoroughly trounced in its stronghold and in virtually all the areas it should have won hands down. It should have been obvious to those who continue to cling to the claim of election rigging that if a party can not rig an election in its stronghold, how is it possible that it is able to rig the election in other areas? It should also have been obvious that APC benefited from the splitting of ranks and, consequently, of fragmentation of votes within the opposition and among the other contending candidates and parties – LP, NNPP, PDP and its G-5 renegade governors. All these forces were on the same side in Nigeria’s 2019 presidential election. It would have been nothing short of a miracle for any of these fragmented forces to unseat a party in power at the centre and in about two-thirds of the States of the fedeation.

Here is an illustration of how the fragmented opposition helped APC win the presidential election: Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu, the candidate of APC, won the election without leading in the two States with the highest number of registered voters in the federation – his home State of Lagos and Kano. However, these two States were won by two different parties in the opposition – LP and NNPP, respectively – whereas PDP won only a token percentage of the votes in both Lagos and Kano. Who then rigged PDP out of victory in Lagos and Kano? Was it Tinubu’s APC or was it LP and NNPP, respectively, that did the rigging? What would have been the outcome of the election in these two States if the PDP did not effectively break into smaller units?

Objectively speaking, both LP and NNPP are breakaway parties that essentially ended up as provincial parties, without a chance in a thousand of winning the presidential election. The freak performance of LP in Plateau was purely due to the appeal of LP among Christian voters in Northern Nigeria, who innocently bought into the divisive campaign of those who lost the running mate contest to Sen Kashim Shettima. It is not accidental that the sectarian campaign did not take root in the neighbouring state of Benue, the only other State in Nothern Nigeria with a majority Christian population, because the leading opposition figure there, Governor Ortom, was caught in the G-5 quagmire and the APC flag bearer there is a leading Christian figure. The provincial nature of the parties made it possible for LP to carry a token percentage of the votes in Kano while NNPP carried another token in Lagos.

Outside Lagos, LP is strong only in the South Eastern Nigeria, where the presidential candiate of the party comes from, while NNPP is strong only in Kano, where the presidential candiate of the party comes from. This fragmentation of voting power can not be helpful to both parties or to the opposition. In hindsight, we can now only imagine what could have happened if Peter Obi and Rabiu Kwankawso ran the contest on a joint ticket. On the other hand, Bola Tinubu came a close second in Lagos and harvested over half a million votes in Kano. The sum total of the performance of oppostion parties in the election supports the thesis of wilful fragmentation but it does not support the claim of rigging.

Then, there is the claim that INEC rigged the election for APC by its failure to upload the close to 200,000 polling unit results in real time on its IReV portal. Uploading the results of the election on the IReV portal is just one of close to 43 public activities INEC had to undertake to deliver a successful election. Admittedly, this is a critical failure on the part of INEC for which it has received disproportionate and unfair criticism. INEC made a claim that it ran into a technical glitch with this aspect of its operations. This claim is technically verifiable but little, if any attention was paid to it by the opposition and there was zero attempt to investigate it by the mainstream media. If an investigation by any media organisation took place, it has not been made public yet, to the best of my knowledge. Anyone remotely familiar with information technology must know that the larger the size of data, the slower the upload speed, simple. All the conspiracy theories have so far remained just that – conspiracy theories – unsupported by credible data.

The fact that INEC was able to successfully deliver on the IReV aspect of its operations during past, off-season elections, does not necessarily preclude the possibility of technical failure during the general elections, when all the results from all the polling units across the 36 States and FCT had to be uploaded at once, in real time. The only way to know for sure if this aspect of INEC’s operations was going to deliver as promised was during the general election, itself. Unfortunately, this did not materialise and INEC must take the responsibility and the blame for overpromising and for poor communication when it eventually ran into this technical failure. But, to date, there is no hard data to support the claim INEC rigged the presidential election in favour of the winner. The opposition must seize the opportunity to present such hard evidence at the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal, not on the streets or at INEC Headquaters, as it attempted to do, days after the results of the elections were made official.

Looking at the election numbers with an open mind, it is obvious APC won the election, fair and square, not in a landslide manner like other ruling parties do in Africa but by making a strong showing in areas with higher voter population and coming a close second in virtually every other area. Clearly, that was appears to be the strategy behind the Muslim/Muslim ticket and nothing more. Those who read other motives into it have either missed the point or are using it to push a worldview totally at odds with the intended purpose, which is to win the election, or else have used it to manipulate voters because they or their proxies have lost the contest for a slot on the APC presidential ticket

On its part, the mainstream media conveniently and deliberately refused to look at the numbers. It is just blindly committed to deligitimising the election so that APC’s Muslim/Muslim ticket continues to be untenable in Nigeria and its victory tainted by allegations of rigging. On the face of it, this blind and irrational ideological-cum-sectarian worldview, deeply rooted in Nigeria’s mainstream media, is deeply flawed. It is emotional and sentimental and is not in the best interest of Nigeria. Sectarian considerations are bad for elections anywhere and portend grave danger for the future of democracy in Nigeria.

Elections are not won by the powerful deployment of the media alone and, certainly, not won and lost on the basis of sentiment and emotion but, more fundamentally, on the basis of correct demographic combinations. A political party or candidate that misses this point and relies solely on sentiment, emotion and the power of the media alone, will continue to play second fiddle in Nigeria’s political arithmetic. If APC had been intimidated, browbitten, made to succumb to the sectarian blackmail that preceded the election and made to pick the wrong combinations, it may still not have outrightly lost the election but it would have been forced into a second ballot, with the potential of PDP, LP and, possibly, NNPP coming together. In such an event, the numbers suggest it would, in the final analysis, have lost the election. That would have defeated the purpose for which the party contested the election.

It is now for those who lost the election to learn a few lessons from it, not least of which are:

a. To dislodge a ruling party from power in a multi-party environment, the opposition needs to abandon petty internal squabbles and come together on the basis of a minimum common agenda like the Nigerian opposition did in 2013

b. Sentiment and emotion are effective tools in political mobilization but not enough to win a nation-wide election in a multi-cultural environment like Nigeria, a lesson General Buhari learnt in 2015.

c. The media is powerful but not as powerful as the voter, as we have now, hopefully, come to appreciate in the 2023 presidential election.

d. A tradition of concession of defeat may not be as rewarding as winning but it can snatch moral victory from the jaws of all-around defeat as former President Goodluck Jonathan has come to appreciate, after Godswill Orubebe almost ruined his post-election future. Today, Orubebe is in APC and Jonathan is basking in the glory of his wise and timely concession.

Thankfully, not all is lost for the parties that did not make it in the just concluded presidential election. The diversity of parties in the National Assembly is good for Nigeria’s democracy. To hold the ruling party accountable is a fundamental function of the opposition, a requirement for good governance and necessary for the proper functioning of democracy. Also, peparations to unseat the ruling party in the next election must begin from there but these tasks are only for those elements of the opposition truly committed to the nurturing and sustainance of our democracy, not for power mongers.

*Bashir Yusuf Ibrahim* was one-time National Secretary, Action Congress (AC), Chairman of Inter-party Advisory Council (IPAC) and Member, Editorial Board of Trust and Thisday Newspapers.

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Why Social Media Policies Fall Short in Addressing Online Violence Against Women

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Rahima Dokaji, Kano.

Hafsat Bahara, a dedicated journalist, experienced a distressing ordeal of Online Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) on Facebook. Initially, she innocently shared a profile piece about a respected religious leader through her organization’s social media channels. To her surprise, followers of the religious leader responded with offensive comments, threats, and discussions about causing harm to Hafsat.

Recalling the traumatic incident, Hafsat Bahara shared, “Threats and intimidation flooded the comments section. Some individuals even tracked me down on other social media platforms like Instagram and Twitter, persistently posting menacing threats of rape and violence towards me. It was an intense and deeply unsettling experience.”

The aftermath of this harrowing encounter had a profound impact on Hafsat’s life and mental well-being. Although she chose not to report the offenders to the social media platforms, they took it upon themselves to report her accounts, falsely accusing her and her organization of making offensive comments. The emotional toll extended to Hafsat’s family and loved ones, leaving her feeling violated and unfairly attacked.

A significant survey conducted by the International development and humanitarian organization Plan International revealed distressing revelations about the escalating online violence faced by girls and women. The survey highlighted that Facebook is the primary platform where these attacks are most commonly encountered, with 39% of respondents experiencing harassment, followed by Instagram (23%), WhatsApp (14%), Snapchat (10%), Twitter (9%), and TikTok (6%).

In the Northern Nigeria region, Facebook has emerged as a significant concern due to its association with abuse. The platform is often perceived as a hotspot for various forms of online mistreatment, including cyberbullying and hate speech. Its user-friendly interface has made it accessible to a wide range of individuals, including those with limited formal education or technological training.

NAPTIP advocates equal punishment for gravity of GBV Cases

The label of ‘the jungle’ reflects the perception that Facebook can sometimes resemble a chaotic and lawless virtual space, where users engage in aggressive behavior without considering the consequences. This characterization highlights the prevalence of abusive and harmful interactions, creating a hostile and distressing environment for many users, particularly women. Educated individuals often resort to alternative strategies, such as refraining from posting altogether or using English as a protective shield against local abuse and harassment.

Instagram, known for its platform catering to sophisticated and affluent individuals, has attracted a notable presence of high-profile celebrities. On the contrary, Twitter has gained a reputation as a space where individuals engage in playful banter and witty roasting. TikTok, on the other hand, has become a popular platform for creative skit makers, although it has also attracted users who may exhibit lower moral standards.

While social media platforms have implemented reporting mechanisms, community guidelines, and content moderation teams to address abusive and harmful content, Hafsat Bahara believes that current measures remain insufficient.

“In my opinion, social media platforms have strict policies on physical violence and other discriminatory acts involving children. However, their policy on sexual harassment and threats against women is not robust enough. Derogatory and mean-spirited content targeting women or cyberbullying often goes unflagged by these platforms as inappropriate, allowing perpetrators to go unpunished. On the other hand, if you were to post nudity or violence against animals, you would instantly be flagged,” she said.

However, Mrs. Bunmi Dipo Salami, a Gender Violence activist in Nigeria, emphasizes the crucial need for women to understand how social media protection settings work and how to effectively use them to ensure their safety on these platforms.

“We should all challenge harmful content by reporting material that perpetuates harmful stereotypes, victim-blaming, or supports Online Gender-Based Violence (OGBV). Promoting digital literacy and educating internet users about privacy settings, reporting mechanisms, and online safety is essential. Netizens must familiarize themselves with the different forms of OGBV and utilize their social media platforms to share accurate information, helpful resources, and support services,” Mrs. Salami asserts.

Section 24 of the Nigerian Cybercrime Act, enacted in 2015 by the National Assembly, addresses offenses related to OGBV through computer systems or networks, including transmitting communications involving bullying, threats, harassment, extortion, or harm to the reputation or property of any citizen. The act imposes penalties ranging from fines to imprisonment, with more severe consequences for communications inducing fear of death, violence, or bodily harm.

Alongside the existing legislation, Mrs. Salami urges the government to collaborate with non-governmental organizations and women’s rights groups to implement and monitor the Cybercrimes Act of 2015 effectively.

“I believe the issue lies not in creating another law when the Cybercrimes Act of 2015 already exists. The focus should be on engaging relevant stakeholders to understand the nuances of SGBV in the online space and identify challenges in enforcing the law. Furthermore, the government and civil society actors should collaborate to provide training for law enforcement personnel in dealing with digital evidence, allocating resources to law enforcement agencies for effective implementation and enforcement of the legislation. Public awareness campaigns should also be conducted to educate the public about the legislation, and specialized units within law enforcement agencies should be created to investigate online crimes, particularly SGBV cases on social media,” she adds.

Mrs. Salami also calls for synergy between traditional and new media outlets to raise awareness and effectively combat OGBV.

“To address OGBV, itis crucial to engage various stakeholders, including media organizations, to create awareness and promote responsible reporting. Traditional media outlets can play a significant role in shaping public opinion, challenging harmful narratives, and providing accurate information about online violence against women. Collaborations between traditional media and social media platforms can amplify the voices of survivors, hold perpetrators accountable, and foster a safer online environment for women,” she suggests.

This publication was supported by the Baobab for Women’s Human Rights funded by the MacArthur Foundation.

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Senator Bukar Abba Ibrahim: A Tribute to the First Civilian Governor of Yobe State

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Late Senator Bukar Abba Ibrahim

 

By AbdurRaheem Sa’ad Dembo

Death is inevitable and whenever a soul is taken, it is usually a reminder about the vanity and futility of this world.It is also an indication that no one will live forever on this planet, called earth. It was on the 4th February, 2024 when I read it online that the first civilian Governor of Yobe State, Senator Bukar Abba Ibrahim had passed on in Saudi Arabia. Innalillahi waina ilaihi rajiun!

He was an embodiment of humility and generosity. One cannot describe him enough, because of his progressive tenacity. You can’t talk about politics and progress in Yobe state without mentioning late Bukar Abba Ibrahim. He was a pacesetter and a pragmatic leader. Majority of the good people of Yobe State accepted him as a leader, because he was not autocratic but democratic and inclusive. It is a public knowledge whether under the sun or in the rain, and even across the length and breadth of Nigeria that he was the father of Yobe State politics.

Before dwelling so much on his personality and sagacity in the realm of politics, it is imperative to take a brief look at his early life.

Bukar Abba Ibrahim was born in 1949 but according to Wikipedia, the exact date is shrouded in uncertainty. This is not new because we have so many of our aged parents who did not know their exact dates of birth. In fact, in Ilorin, my city, some old people would only tell you they were born during the reign of a particular Emir of Ilorin and they use that as a standard and yardstick to know their age. He began his primary school education in 1957. Ibrahim proceeded to Government College in Maiduguri for his secondary education in 1965 and got admission into the prestigious Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria in 1972. He obtained his certificate from the department of Quantity Surveying in 1975. Bukar Abba Ibrahim proceeded to the United Kingdom to undergo post-graduate professional training between 1981 and 1982 and that qualified him to become a member of the Nigeria Institute of Quantity Surveyors. From 1985 to 1988, he worked as a civil servant in Borno State and eventually became Commissioner of Works.

*His Political Journey*

In December 1991 a few months after Yobe State was created, he contested and won the gubernatorial election under the banner of the Social Democratic party (SDP).He held the position until November 1993, when the military took control of the government. On 5th of August 1993 Governor Ibrahim split the four Emirates in the state to thirteen. Although the move was reversed by the military regime of General Sani Abacha, it however got re-implemented under the civilian governorship of Bukar Abba Ibrahim on 6 January, 2000.

As Nigeria transitioned from military to civilian rule beginning in late 1998, gubernatorial elections were conducted in January 1999 and Bukar Abba Ibrahim was again elected governor under the banner of the All People’s Party (APP), and sworn-in to office on 29 May, 1999. This was the same time Late Governor Muhammad Lawal also became Governor of Kwara state under the platform of All People’s Party. May Allah grant the duo his mercy.

The APP was later renamed All Nigeria People’s Party (ANPP) due to a factional division. Ibrahim was re-elected in 2003 for a second four-year term.

*Some of his achievements as a Governor*

Governor Bukar Abba Ibrahim administration established the following higher institutions of learning in Yobe State: Yobe State University, Damaturu, School of Nursing Damaturu, College of Health Sciences, Nguru,
College of Legal Studies Nguru, Yobe State Polytechnic, Geidam,
College of Agriculture, Gujba, Yobe mosque and Islamic center (Mosque & School),
Unimaid Remedial Satellite campus in Damaturu,
Best Centers and
Teaching Service Board,

*Housing*
As a Governor his administration constructed the following housing projects:
Abba Ibrahim Housing Estate Damaturu,
Zannah Zakariyya Housing Estate Damaturu,
Waziri Ibrahim Housing Estate Damaturu,
Don Etebet Housing Estate Damaturu,
Obasanjo Housing Estate Damaturu,
Nyanya Housing Estate Damaturu,
Buhari Housing Estate Damaturu,
250 Housing Estate Damaturu,
Ali Marami Housing Estate,
3Bedrooms and
Furniture loan for civil servants

In 2007 he was elected as a Senator representing Yobe East and got re-elected in 2011 and 2015. He wanted to go for another term in 2019 as a Senator representing Yobe East, here is the evidence as published by Vanguard Newspaper of 10 August, 2018 . Senator Bukar Abba Ibrahim said “Insha-Allah I will be seeking re-election back to the senate in the forth coming election and I do not see anybody as a threat. I have no problem with my constituency and the electorate. I have not been recalled by those who voted me to represent them and I am physically and mentally fit.”

Essentially, in a video I had opportunity to watch recently, he said a leader must be ready to make sacrifices. That was how he withdrew for the then Governor Ibrahim Geidam to contest for Senate in 2019 under the platform of All Progressives Congress. Here is what he said in the video ahead of 2019 general elections.

“..So this is our incoming Governor insha Allah.This is our incoming Senator for Yobe East Senatorial District Insha Allah.This small man here continues to be the father of Yobe politics. As a father it is my responsibility to keep the family going and when you are keeping a family going, you are bound to make sacrifices and bound to talk to your family collectively.” He was referring to the current Governor of Yobe State, His Excellency Mai Mala Buni as the incoming Governor, while he was also referring to His Excellency Governor Ibrahim Geidam as the incoming Senator. The duo were with him in the video.

Professor P.L.O Lumumba when challenging long-term African Leaders said: “No matter how good you are, if you stay for too long you spoil it. A good dancer must know when to leave the stage.” I think this was in tandem with what Senator Bukar Abba Ibrahim did as he left the stage then when the ovation was loud. It takes a courageous and selfless leader to take such a bold decision.

*His unwavering humility*

In the viral video I analysed earlier, the father of Yobe politics referred to himself as a small man.That is one of the traits of great men. They are synonymous with humility. When Vice President Kashim Shettima paid a condolence visit to the Governor of Yobe State at the instance of President Bola Ahmed Tinubu, he referred to late Bukar Abba Ibrahim as an icon of humility. Similarly, a retired Director in the Yobe State Civil Service who craved for anonymity opined thus,
“Governor Bukar Abba Ibrahim was a very humble person and pioneer Governor that started the owner occupier of government quarters in the state. We also benefitted from the scheme”

There is no perfect government anywhere in the world but the Yobe State that Bukar Abba Ibrahim was their leader during his life time is not fairing bad. I was on my way to Maiduguri in December, 2023 , few kilometers to Damaturu, if one’s needle fell down one can pick it instantly, because of proper lightning aided by streetlights. Such can only be found in Abuja and Lagos.The old Gujba road has also been dualized kitted with standard streetlights.

In terms of education, the late Bukar Abba Ibrahim’s administration introduced free education and foreign scholarships. I knew that for sure that the Yobe State Government sent some people abroad for post graduate studies even as at the time I was there as a corper.

His interest in hockey was huge
and was the President and Board of Nigeria Hockey Federation.The association in their condolence message described him thus: “Late Bukar Abba was an icon in the game of Hockey, a reputable man who contributed to the growth and development of Hockey in Nigeria. Our sincere prayer is, may Almighty Allah grant the family left behind fortitude to bear this great loss.”

I have never met late Senator Bukar Abba Ibrahim and even the late Governor Mamman Ali but I have seen Alhaji Ibrahim Geidam once, the former Governor of Yobe State, who is now the current Minister of Police Affairs. In 2007 I was at the Damaturu Stadium during the passing out parade for Batch B 2006/2007 when Alhaji Ibrahim Geidam, the then deputy Governor represented Governor Mamman Ali. Being the News Editor of NYSC Editorial CDS group in Yobe State; it gave me and other members the opportunity to be at the podium during the event.

I have tremendous affinity with the good people of Yobe State, because I did my youth service with Yobe Broadcasting Corporation, YBC Damaturu between 2007/2008 and that gave me a vantage to know about Yobe State politics. I served as a newscaster and co-presenter of news magazine at the radio house and I made a lot of friends there. May Allah grant Late Hajiya Aishat Ardo, my producer then, aljannah firdaus. Being a Fulani man from Ilorin we shared superiority jokes between Kanuri and Fulani within the Broadcasting house without any ill feelings.It was a long time joke I have grown to witness in Ilorin, so when I got to Damaturu I realised that it transcended my state.

Furthermore, One significant thing I have learnt about the political voyage and life of late Senator Bukar Abba Ibrahim was his consistency. He remained an opposition politician nationally until APC won presidential election in 2015. If you are not consistent you cannot go far in the realm of politics. The reason is simple, consistency breeds trust; once you don’t have it you lose monumental confidence to navigate across different political opinions and emancipation.

There are high profile opposition politicians like Adamu Maina Wazir,the former Minister of Police Affairs under President Good luck Jonathan’s administration and others in Yobe State, but despite their political calculations and permutations over the years they have never succeeded in dislodging Bukar Abba Ibrahim political party from Yobe State Government House. He died as a political tactician and champion in Yobe state, North East and in the entire Nigeria political landscape. There must be something special about him which may not be far from being resilient, patient, tolerant, generous, pragmatic, sagacious, inclusive and goal-oriented.

I should not forget the ever green statement made by late Senator Bukar Abba Ibrahim and it kept regurgitating in my thought. He said “Almajiri system is unislamic”

He was married to three wives: Hajiya (Dr) Maryam Bukar Abba-Ibrahim, Hajiya Aishatu Bukar Abba- Ibrahim and Hajiya Khadija Bukar Abba -Ibrahim, a former Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Former member of House of Representatives under the platform of All Progressives Congress.

Most importantly,I appeal to His Excellency Governor Mai Mala Buni, Minister of Politice Affairs, Senator Ibrahim Geidam and other members of late Bukar Abba Ibrahim political family to sustain his legacy of good governance in the interest of the state and her good people. Dividends of democracy should continue to percolate and penetrate across the people in villages and towns of Yobe State. Good education, provision of road infrastructure, security and scholarships for the indigent students should continue.

Let me end this piece with a quote by Henry Wadsworth L. “Lives of great men all remind us, we can make our lives sublime, and departing, leave behind us, footprints on the sands of time. Indeed, the father of Yobe State politics has left a footprint that will stand on the sands of time. May Allah forgive his shortcomings and grant him aljannah firdaus (ameen).

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Zubaida Muhammad Musa: The Industrious, Generous, and Research Connoisseur

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Zubaida Muhammad Musa

 

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MUDASSIR ALIYU YUNUSA.

True respect, genuine loyalty and unadulterated allegiance are some good qualities that are neither traded nor acquired by force and never buy with money, but rather acquired through honesty, good character, temperament, integrity and simplicity. This is quite rightly believed to be true and justified to a productive, energetic and self assertive woman ZUBAIDA MUHAMMAD MUSA, a daughter, a sister, a mother, a mentor to her students and a pride to vulnerable and needy people. Zubaida Muhammad is a Teacher, a counselor, a researcher and a facilitator in many human development programmes within and outside the country. A very responsible personality I know as far back as my childhood. One thing that makes me to write this piece is her total dedication in serving the humanity which in essence has influenced the welfare of many and touches lives of many souls in a positive way. Respect to elders and level headed to all irrespective of social status are what make her to stand and become prominent and enviable to many people that come to term with her particularly her students of the Department of Adult and Non Formal Education, Sa’adatu Rimi University of Education Kano Nigeria, who always cherished her style and method of teaching and impacting knowledge, it is on this backdrop that number Non-governmental organizations and other corporate bodies recognized her as excellent and proficient facilitator/instructor/tutor in many advocacy, mobilization, workshop, seminar and sensitization programmes. As an experienced researcher who participated in many projects assessment in various sector, he served as a Research Assistant in the EDOREN Teachers Recruitment and Deployment Research which eventually led to the recruitment of 1,119 Female Teachers in Kano State by the immediate past administration after dissemination of her Research Findings (this is indeed an overwhelming and quite fascinating achievement)
Her commitment and steadfastness in education more especially her area of expertise, specializing in Adult and Non-Formal Education earned her so many National and International recognition where she obtained various educational certificates e.g B.Ed Adult Education and Community development, M.Ed Adult Education (Adult and Non-formal Education), Ph.D (in view) Adult Education (Adult and Non-formal Education) all from the prestigious Bayero University Kano. She also attended and obtained many Certificates from various institutions at home and abroad more importantly from University of Miami Florida USA and Julius Maximilian University Wurzburg, Germany.
Zubaida Muhammad Musa is now a comrade as she ventured into unionism as requested, he engaged in unionism as extra curriculum with the aim of contributing her inputs for the betterment and welfare of staff. She is currently the Secretary College of Education Academic Staff Union (COEASU), Sa’adatu Rimi University of Education Kano.

I can recollect some moments of childhood we share with Hajiya Zubaida (though she is a senior sister to me but we fall within the same age bracket), she was very kind and jovial to her younger ones, we used to respect her and she also respects us in reciprocal as ‘Yan Kanne (Juniors). This gesture and qualities are still with her as depicted by her contemporary lifestyle. This proved that her spirits of humanitarian and kindhearted dispositions are inalienable.
I write this piece to show my accolade to Hajiya Zubaida courtesy of her kindness, simplicity, benevolence and her generosity. I pray you will not relent in your efforts toward salvaging the general welfare of the needy especially women and children as well as your uphill struggle to deliver selfless service to humanity.

I wish you a very successful career in civil service and also a fruitful tenure as Secretary College of Education Academic Staff Union (COEASU) Sa’adatu Rimi University of Education Kano.

Mudassir Could be reached via mudassiray@gmail.com.

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