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Alaafin Of Oyo:The Sovereign Of All Yoruba Chiefs

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The word “Alaafin” means the owner of the palace. The title given to the King of the Empire of Oyo (Alaafin) is not replicated in any other Yoruba ethnic group or variant.

The Alaafin occupies a unique position on the administration and it has the freedom to operate, ie Kabiyesi (tradition says that the decision of Alaafin is final) once declared.

History says that Alaafin is the sovereign of all Yoruba chiefs, the authority of Alaafin extended to Accra in the West to the shores of Niger in the East and developed a highly sophisticated political structure to govern its territorial domains and its system of reign distinguished itself with original models. A developed, though not written, Constitution has evolved. The average Yoruba man is governed by the strong Convention.

8 Years After An Attack On Late Emir Ado Bayero

Each province was ruled by its own chosen king of the local dominant lineages, but these were led by Alaafin and the capital’s system of government was repeated on a smaller scale in the provincial cities of the kingdom.

The Alaafin is also considered as “Igbákejì Òrìsà”, meaning “The Second in command after òrìsà “; His position as divine ruler is solidified through various traditional rites. He is the head of his people in the inseparable sphere of administration, religion and justice.

Oyo is the center of the cultural and political civilization of the Yoruba race with a living royalty system that remains an excellent governance pivot and any attempt to destroy this tradition is the safest way to ruin modernization.

The Alaafin of Oyo being the guardian of customs and tradition has the legacy of preserving the immemorial tradition that is part of the identity and memory of the Yorùbá race.

Lamidi Olayiwola Atanda Adeyemi, the present Alaafin of Oyo descended from the Alowolodu family, was born on October 15, 1938. It is the current Alaafin of Oyo of the acclaimed Traditional Yoruba Land situated in the present-day state of Oyo in Nigeria.

His Imperial Majesty, King Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III, the Alaafin of Oyo, occupies the highest position of the traditional Yoruba monarchy and recognized as the supreme ruler of the Yoruba race, has a legacy to protect Oyo’s traditional royalty system.

Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Atanda Adeyemi III is the son of Alaafin Adeyemi II, the late Alaafin of Oyo. In 1971, on 14 January, Lamidi Adeyemi succeeded Alaafin Gbadegesin Ladigbolu II.

His Majesty, Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Atanda Adeyemi III, The Alaafin of the Oyo, is undoubtedly a classy monarch. To say that he is an enigma by every standard is an understatement, as many who have had an interaction with him testify that “a moment with him is like an exploratory adventure through the school of history”. He is undoubtedly one of Africa’s most powerful and influential kings, lived two decades and more than half a century in decades of meeting the natural appeal of ancestors and their people.

Oba Adeyemi III was selected on November 18, 1970 and entered the palace after having finished the necessary rites. In the process, he was introduced into the mysteries of Sango and other Orisa. He also submitted himself to these rites in order to be the direct representative of Sango on earth. He passed through these processes in order to know all the proverbs, songs of all the Alaafins of the past. In addition he went through various purification and cleansing processes in the ancient Orisa shrines where Alaafin Adeyemi III made an alliance with his ancestors, which he would defend, protect and add glamour to Yoruba norms and traditions; promising to be the icon, the embodiment of Yoruba culture, and has since taken his covenant seriously and delivered the dividends of his alliance.

Once someone becomes Alaafin, the totality of his life is at the service of the people and humanity in general. Alaafin has no life of its own; day and night he is for the service of the Yoruba race and of mankind.

In 1980, the federal government appointed Kabiyesi Oba Adeyemi as the pioneer Chancellor of the newly created University of Sokoto, now Uthman dan Fodio University, Sokoto.

It should be noted that during this period, Oba Adeyemi III presented several academic memoranda, based on university education and on contemporary issues published both nationally and internationally. The University, in appreciation of its contributions and achievements, honored him with the degree of Doctor in Letters (LL. D), Honouris Causa.

During his tenure as Chancellor, the University recorded absolute peace because the normal calendar was never interrupted for a day.

His dreams and determination for success led him to heed the appeals of his ancestors, forgetting his own personal life because of others; He has become an icon, no doubt an Iroko tree: where all the birds of the universe find their rest.

History

The History Of Borno State Governor Professor Babagana Umara Zulum

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Borno state Governor, Prof, Engr. Babagana Umara Zulum.

1. He was born on 25th August, 1969 in Zulum Village of Mafa LGA.
2. He Hawked firewood and sponsored his education.
3. He became commercial driver and sponsored his education.

• Mafa Primary School 1975-1980.

• Government Secondary School, Monguno 1980-1985.

• Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri 1986-1988.

• University of Maiduguri 1990-1994.

• University of Ibadan 1997-1998

• University of Maiduguri 2005-2009

QUALIFICATIONS
a. Academic
i. Ph.D ( Soil and Water Engineering) 2009
ii. M.Sc. Agricultural Engineering 1998(Soil and Water in University of Ibadan)
iii. B,Eng. (AgriculturalEngineering) 1994
iiii. National Diploma in Irrigation Engineering 1988
v. General Certificate of Education 1985
vi. Primary School Certificate 1980

b. Professional
i. Member, National Institute for Policy and Strategic
Studies, NIPSS (mni)

ii. COREN Registered Engineer
iii. Nigerian Association of Technologists in Engineering
(FNATE)

a. Borno State Civil Service:

i. Borno state First Honourable Commissioner, Ministry of Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Resettlement.

ii. Assistant Technical Officer, Borno State Ministry of Agric. 1989-1990
b. Borno State Unified Local Government Service
i. Senior Field Overseer 1990
ii. Technical Officer 1990-1992
iii. Senior Technical Officer 1992-1994
iv. Agric. Engineering 1994-1996
v. Senior Agricultural Engineer 1997-1999
vi. Principal Water Engineer 1999-2000

c. Teaching and Research Experience in the University
Teaching
Join the University of Maiduguri as an assistant lecturer in the year 2000. Undergraduate and Post graduate teaching courses include: Soil Science, Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation, Fluid Mechanics, Hydrology, Hydraulics and Introduction to Engineering Profession.
i. Assistant Lecturer University of Maiduguri 1998-2001
ii. Lecturer II 2001-2003
iii. Lecturer I 2003- 2008
iv. Senior Lecturer October, 2008-2011
v. Reader 2011-2016
vi. Professor 2016-Date

Research
18 years of research experience in the field of Soil and Water Engineering and supervision of undergraduate Students and 3 years’ experience in the supervision of Post-graduate Students.
d. Rector, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri 2011-2015
Responsibilities
Chief Executive Officer- Responsible for the general Administration of the Institution
H. UNIVERSITY SERVICE
1. Secretary Departmental Board of Agric. Engineering
University of Maiduguri 2000-2004
2. Member Faculty Board of Agriculture, representing
Faculty of Engineering, University of Maiduguri 2003-Date
3. Member Faculty Board of Engineering
University of Maiduguri 2000-Date
4. SIWES Coordinator, Department of Agric.
and Environmental Engineering 2000-2011
5. Member Engineering Workshop Rehabilitating Committee 2003
6. Staff Adviser (Students) Faculty of Engineering 2002-2011
7. Staff Adviser to the Borno State Students Union 2005-2011

8. Departmental Examination Officer 2008-2010
9. Deputy Dean, Faculty of Engineering University of Maiduguri 2010
10. Acting Dean Faculty of Engineering, University of Maiduguri, 2011

I. OTHER EXPERIENCES
1. One year national youth service corps in Katsina
Polytechnic as a Teacher 1994-1995
2. Service Provider on (Irrigation) and soil/water to Borno,
Yobe and Zamfara State Fadama development program. 2006-2013
3. Member, Governing Council, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri. 2009-2011
4. Consultant to the World Bank on a Study “Capitalization on
Small Scale Irrigation Project in West Africa; Mali,
Burkina Faso, Niger and Nigeria” September,2009-11
5. Consultant to International Water Management (IWMI)
On the Review of Irrigation Situation in Nigeria. 2010.
6. Resource Person to IFPRI for the Development of Study
Methodology on Irrigation and Mechanization in Nigeria. 2011
7. Consultant to the World Bank Nigerian Fadama 3 project on
Independent Assessment of the project activity at mid- term 2012
8. Co-chairman with UNDP Sector working group on Early Recovery Intervention Borno State.
9. Head, Implementing Partner for the Japan/UNDP Early Recovery and Social Cohesion Project 2016/2017.
10. Head, Empowerment and Livelihoods Support for the Victims of Boko Haram Insurgency in North-East Project 2016/2017. (JAPAN/UNDP Project)
11. Borno State Focal Person for the Recovery and Peace Building Assessment by WB, EU, UN and Government of Nigeria.
12. Borno State Focal Person on Post-RPBA activities by WB, EU, UN and Government of Nigeria.
13. Member National Steering Committee on the Implementation of the EU Support to Response, Recovery and Resilience Project in Borno State.
14. Chairman Technical Implementation Committee on the Implementation of EU-GIZ Resilience Projectg in Borno State.
15. Member Presidential Committee on handing over of Liberated Communities to Civil Authorities in Borno State.

16. Consultant on Capacity Building and Advisory Services Training of the FADAMA III World Bank Project to Fadama Users in Yobe State (2011-2013)
17. Consultant on Capacity Building and Advisory Services Training of the FADAMA III World Bank Project to Fadama Users in Kano State (2011-2013)
18. Consultant on Capacity Building and Advisory Services Training of the FADAMA III World Bank Project to Fadama Users in Zambara State (2011-2013)
J. EXTERNAL EXAMINATIONSHIP
1. External Examiner, Department of Agricultural Technology,
Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri. 2008-2011
2. External Examiner, Department of Agricultural,
Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 2011-Date

K. MEMBERSHIP OF PROFESSIONAL BODIES
i. Member Nigerian Society of Engineers Reg.no.10, 683
ii. Member Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers M673/1999
iii. Registered Engineer (COREN) R.13773
iv. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Reg.No.10465336

L. COUNTRIES VISITED
1. United States of America
2. United Arab Emirates (UAE)
3. Canada
4. Spain
5. China
6. Saudi Arabia
7. Pakistan
8. Niger
9. India
10. Turkey
11. Zambia
12. Uganda
13. Gambia, The
14. Tanzania
15. Ghana
16. Burkina Faso
17. Mali

M. PUBLICATIONS WITH DATE
i. Journal Papers
1. Umara B., Yaji and A. Fannami (2004). Groundwater contamination in Damaturu, Nigeria. AZOJETE. Vol. 4: 45-51.
2. Babagana Umara, Jibrin Musa Dibal, Abubakar K. Isa (2007). Quality analysis of water from river Kumadugu for human consumption and irrigation sustainability. Journal of life and environmental sciences, Vol. 9(1.): 521-526.
3. Baba Gana, Jibrin M. Dibal and Andrew Jigumtu Kaya (2007): Intensity-Runoff Relationship on a Plot for Application in water harvesting in Semi-Arid Borno, Nigeria. J. Arid Agric. 17: 117-122.
4. J. M. Dibal, A. Dauda and B. Umara (2008). Benefit-cost analysis of potato irrigation scheduling in Samaru-Zaria, Nigeria. al-Mahram Journal of Trans-Saharan Studies, Unimaid. Vol. 4 (2).
5. A. S. Abdullahi, B.G. Umara, F.A. Adeniji, S. M. Musa and A. L.E. Mofoke (2009). The Influence of some soil properties on saturated hydraulic conductivity of soils in Maiduguri, Nigeria. JAET. Vol. 17 (1).
6. Umara B., A.U. Kawuyo and M.A. Yusufari (2010). Design of Waste Water Stabilization Pond for the University of Maiduguri. Arid Zone Journal of Engineering and Environment. Vol. 7: 67-77.
7. Jibrin M. Dibal, Babagana Umara, Habib Alkali and A. Abdullahi (2010). Response of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in Semi-Arid Nigeria. Continental J. Agricultural Science. 4: 48-53.
8. Jibrin Musa Dibal, Baba Gana Umara and Yalwale Bashir Alhaji (2010). Effect of Mulching, Compaction and Irrigation Scheduling on the Performance of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in a Semi-Arid Climate. International Journal of Agriculture, Vol. 2. (4).
9. B. G. Umara, A. S. Abdullahi and J. M. Dibal (2010). Re-advocating water harvesting for improved crop production in semi-arid Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Research and Policies, Vol. 5 (4)
10. Messers Umara B.G. Audu I, Ogedingbe K; Omobowale (2010). Development of Bamboo (Oxyttenanthera abyssinica) stem as irrigation pipe. Journal of Applied Science Engineering and Technology. Vol. 6 (1).
11. B. G. Umara, Y, Z. A. Gaji and J. M. Dibal (2010). Determination of water quality from wash bores in Nguro-Soye village for irrigation suitability. International Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 2 (1).
12. B.G. Umara, A. S. Mohammed and J. M. Dibal (2011). Evaluation of surface and ground water of Maiduguri, Nigeria for heavy metals toxicity. International Journal of Pure and Applied Science. Vol. 4 (1).
13. Dobboi Umar and Baba Gana Umara (2011). Solar energy for community development in north-east zone of Nigeria. International Journal of Pure and Applied Science, Vol. 4 (2).
14. Ali Umar Bashir, Babagana Umara and Jibrin Dibal (2011). Effects of organic matter on aggregate stability of some agricultural soils in semi arid region of Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering. Vol. 3 (3).
15. Ali Umar Bashir, Kola Ogedengbe and Babagana Umara (2011). Comparative effects of irrigation methods on the growth and yield of maize cultivars in semi arid Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture, Vol. 3 (6): 2251-0222.
16. B. G. Umara, J. M. Dibal (2011). Variation of physical properties of Bamboo (Oxytenanthera abyssinica) stem along the culm height. Inter. Jour. Of Engineering. Vol 5 (2): 71-79.
17. B. G. Umara, F. A. Adeniji (2011). Analysis of the strength properties of Bamboo (Oxytenanthera abyssinica) stem. Global Jour. Of Engg. & Tech. Vol. 4 (2).
18. B. G. Umara, I. Audu and A. U. Bashir (2011): Performance evaluation of Bamboo (Oxytenanthera abyssinica) low cost micro irrigation lateral system. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Vol. 6 (5).
19. B. G. Umara, M.M. Aliyu, B.A. Umaru and A.S. Abdullahi (2012). Comparison of Four Empirical Models for Estimating Crop Evapotranspiration in Semi-Arid Nigeria. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 26-32.
20. B. G. Umara, A.D. Manasseh, A.B. Umaru and Abdullahi Abubakar Sadiq (2012). Potential of Plastic Drinking Straw as Emitters in Micro Irrigation Drip System Component. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 51-56.
21. A.B. Umaru, Y.I. Tashiwa, B.G. Umara, S.Y. Buba, A.H. Hong, A.S. Abdullahi (2012). Extent and remedy on gully erosion in Bangshika Area Adamawa State, Nigeria. Academic Research Journal International. 138-144.
22. Abdullahi AS, Ahmad D, and Umara B.G. (2012). Water Storage and use method in rural communities of Bauchi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 2(6). Xxx
23. Abdullahi AS, Ahmad D, and Umara Babagana (2012). Influence of lime materials to ameliorate acididy on irrigated paddy fields: A review. Academic Research Journal 3(1)413-420.
24. B.G Umara, Sangodoyin A.Y. and J.M. Dibal (2013). In-depth evaluation of potentials and utilization of ground water in north-eastern sub-region of Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research. 3:88-103.

25. F.A. Adeniji, B.G. Umara, J.M. Dibal, K.A. Otobo (2013). Determination of Compaction Characteristics of Maiduguri Soil. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering. 3: 478-482.
26. F.A. Adeniji, B.G. Umara, J.M. Dibal, K.A. Otobo (2013). Determination of the Characteristic Particle Diameter of a road construction soil using intrinsic permeability formula. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering. 3: 471-482.
27. B.G. Umara, A.T. Abdulrahim, Jibrin Musa Dibal and B.B. Shuwa (2013).Water Supply in Maiduguri: An Engineering Point of view. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research. 3:80-87
28. Umara, BG., A.S. Abdullahi, J.M. Dibal and D. Ahmad (2013). Effect of Salts concentration on emergence and growth of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) in Tropical Areas. International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT) 3(2).
29. F.A. Adeniji, B.G. Umara, J.M. Dibal and Obakplor, S.A. (2013). Water retention as a function of fine fraction of soil in a semi-arid environment. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 78(8):514-518.
30. Jibrin Musa Dibal, Baba Gana Umara and Ngwani, P.M (2013). Effect of Soil Compaction, Compost and Slopes on Runoff, Soil and Nutrient Losses Under a Simulated Rainfall In A Semi-Arid Environment. Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal for the Tropics. 10(3):219-224.
31. B.G. Umara, J.M. Dibal and I.U, Izuchukwu (2013). Determination of some mechanical and hydraulic properties of Biu Clayey soils, Nigeria. IJMER. Vol. 3 (5): 3281-3284.
32. J.B. Dibal, B.G. Umara and Rimanungra (2013). Water intake characteristics of different soil types in southern Borno Nigeria. International Journal of Science Inventions Today. Vol. 2(5): 502-509.
33. U.A. Kawuyo, B. Umara, A.A. Atiku and V.V. Simon (2013). Effect of tillage depth on tractor fuel consumption using off-set Disc harrow in sandy loam soil. Continental J. Engineering Science. 8 (2): 22-27
ii. Papers in Conference Proceedings and Seminars
1. Baba Gana Umara (2002): Groundwater contamination in Maiduguri, Konduga and Bama Towns of Borno State. University of Maiduguri, Faculty of Engineering, Seminar Series Vol. 2 (1).
2. Jibrin M. Dibal, Abdu Dauda and Baba Gana Umara (2006). Irrigation and the Society: A Review. University of Maiduguri, Faculty of Engineering Seminar Series. Vol. 4 (1).

3. B.G. Umara, A. U. Bashir and K.D. Maina (2010): Initial investment cost of a bamboo (Oxytenanthera 4abyssinica) micro irrigation stem. Proceeding of the fifth International Conference on Scientific and Industrial Studies Vol. 5 (5), Indoor theatre, University of Abuja FCT., Nigeria.
4. Jibrin Musa Dibal Babagana Umara and Gonimi, B.A. (2011): Effect of tillage systems and wood-chips mulching on the physical and hydraulic properties of sandy loam soil in a semi-arid environment. Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Scientific and Industrial Studies. Arts Theatre Complex Auditorium, Benin State University Markudi, Nigeria. Vol. 6 (1).
5. Mohammed Yaji and Baba Gana Umara (2011). Predicting crop water requirement for onion (Allum cepa) using Blaney Griddle method in semi-arid Borno State. Proceedings of International Conference on Science and Sustainable Development. Porto Novo, Republic of Benin. Vol. 1 (10). pp141-147.
6. I.A. Sodangi, S. D. Joshua and B.G. Umara (2011): Growth, yield and weed suppressing ability of soybean (Glycine max (L.) merril) as influence by inter-row spacing at Maiduguri, Nigeria. Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Sustainable Development. Vol. 2 (4). Sale Visuelle University Nationale Du Benin Abomey-Calaxyl Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
7. B.G. Umara, K.K. Katibi and F. A. Adeniji (2013). Estimation of seepage losses in irrigation canal: A case study of Gashua minor irrigation project Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria. Proceedings of International Conference on Sustainable Development. 11 (4): 89-92.

M. LEARNED CONFERENCES/WORKSHOPS/ SEMINARS ATTENDED TO DATE
1. Grantee Global Forum, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Dubai, 30th October to 3rd November, 2017
2. National Directorate of Employment, Entrepreneurship Development Programme held at Katsina, 21st-25th November, 1994.
3. Locally available feeds for livestock, workshop organized by Borno State Government, 1997.
4. Fourth International Conference of the Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers held in Damaturu, Nigeria. September, 2003.
5. Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers Conference: Damaturu, 2003
6. 16th COREN Engineering Assembly held in Abuja, Nigeria, September, 2007.

7. 17th COREN Engineering Assembly held in Abuja, Nigeria, September, 2008.
8. 18th COREN Engineering Assembly held in Abuja, Nigeria, August, 2009
9. Sensitization Workshop for Service Providers by the National Fadama Development Project, Borno held at Conference Centre, Borno State Ministry of Women Affairs, Maiduguri, Nigeria, 2006.
10. Psychosocial Skills Training Workshop for Representatives of Community-Based Organizations and Care Givers under the Global Fund Round 5 OVC Project, held in Lagos on 23rd-27th November, 2005.
11. Fourth Annual Conference of IRDI Research and Development Network held on May 5-8, 2009 at the Conference centre, University of Lagos, Nigeria.
12. Third African Regional Conference on Sustainable Development held on July 14-16, 2009 at the Coomassie Hall, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.
13. International Workshop on Capitalization of Lesson Learnt in Small Scale Private Irrigation Development in West Africa held on September 23-26, 2009 at Pacific Hotel, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
14. National Workshop on Small Scale Private Irrigation Development in Nigeria held on 2nd November, 2009 at Staff Development Centre, Independence Way off Airport Road, Kano, Nigeria.
15. Third African Regional Conference on Irrigation and Drainage held in Bamako, 29-5th Dec., 2011 Funded by National Fadama project.
16. Nigerian Institute of Agric. Engineers Conference: Buachi, 2012.
17. Nigerian Society of Engineers Conference Ilorin, 2012.
18. Nigerian Association of Technologists in Engineering (NATEWEX Lagos) 2013
19. Nigerian Association of Technologists in Engineering (CONFOTECH Lagos) 2013

N. CURRENT RESEARCH AREAS
1. Soil, Water and Atmospheric Pollution.
2. Participatory Irrigation Management.
3. Development of low-cost technology for sustainable Irrigation Development.
4. Integrated Strategies for Improved Crop Production in Semi Environment.
5. Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development

O. DISSERTATION AND THESIS
1. Development of Bamboo stem (Oxytenanthera abyssinian) for use in low-cost Micro Irrigation System. (Ph.D. Thesis).
2. In-depth Evaluation of Potentials and Utilization of Groundnut in North- East Sub-Saharan Nigeria (M.Sc. Thesis).
3. Drying of Tomato (Lycopersium esculentum), B.Eng. Project

P. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF REFEREES
1. H. E. Alhaji Kashim Shettima
Executive Governor,
Borno State

2. Professor A. Y. Sangodoyin
Department of Agricultural & Environmental Resources Engineering,
University of Maiduguri.

3. Abdulkadir Kadai Usman
Federal Ministry of Finance,
FCT, Abuja

4. Dr. Abdu Dauda
Head of Department,
Department of Agricultural & Environmental Resources Engineering,
University of Maiduguri.

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History

Tribute To General Shehu Musa Yar’adua -Shehu Sani

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By Senator Shehu Sani

On the 8th of December 1997, Major General Shehu Musa Yar’adua died in Abakaliki Prison in Ebonyi State.He died while serving a life sentence after being convicted for treason by the late General Sani Abacha military tribunal in Lagos.

I was arrested in Kaduna in March 1995 and flown to Lagos where I met the late Yaradua who was also arrested and brought to Lagos.The late Tafidan Katsina and I were both taken directly to Kiri Kiri Maximum security prison and thrown into the cell with other inmates.We were kept in Block 2 of the awaiting trial section.The late Fela tried to visit me in the cell but was denied access and the late Gen Hassan Usman Katsina tried to intervene to secure our release but was rebuffed.

Police rescue 3-month-old baby, abducted by bandits in Zamfara
Falana and late Chief Gani tried to reach out to us but were also denied access. Local and international rights groups started campaigns and protests. Balarabe Musa, Col. Dangiwa Umar and late Dr. Bala Usman started agitations for our release.

After spending about three months in the cell, we were picked up from our cells and taken to a Special Military Investigation panel headed by Gen Felix Mujekpero. I was seriously grilled. Other young military officers were tortured by the panel.They were striped naked and beaten with iron cables. I can hear them screaming and screaming.

They wanted to torture me but changed their mind seeing how slim I was and I was just in my 20s. During the period of the interrogations, they brought Chief Olusegun Obasanjo who was earlier arrested. Obasanjo saw me and smiled.The likes of Col. Lawan Gwadabe and Col. Bello Fadile were all beaten and tortured in my presence.

Weeks later, Dr. Bako Ransome Kuti and some journalists like Kunle Ajibade of The News Magazine, George Mbah of Tell, Ben Charles Obi of Classique were all interrogated.

After the interrogation, I was arraigned before a military tribunal headed by Gen Patrick Aziza and sentenced to life imprisonment. Obasanjo, Bako and the Journalists were also convicted for life. Gen Yaradua and others were sentenced to death.The late President Umaru Musa used to visit us in prison and later stopped when the DSS started harassing him.

Some of the late Yaradua’s allies who remained in touch with us while we were in prison were Atiku Abubakar, Toni Aneneh, Yomi Edu. I will always thank my friends Comrade Suleiman Ahmed and Nasiru Abbas.

The late Shehu Musa Yaradua was a very courageous soldier. He never for once shown any sign of weakness or regrets throughout the period of his imprisonment up to his death. May Allah forgive his soul and grant him Aljanna firdausi. Amin.

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History

Meet Late Major Adewale Ademoyega ,One Of The Architects Of 1966 Coup

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He was one of the five mutinous Nigerian Army Majors who led the 1966 coup that ended the first democratic Nigerian government.

Adewale was born in Ode Remo in present-day Ogun State in southwestern Nigeria. He earned a degree in history from the University of London. He was one of the first graduates that enrolled as an officer in the Nigerian Army along with Lieutenant Colonels Chukwuemeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu and Victor Banjo, and Majors Olufemi Olutoye, Emmanuel Ifeajuna, and Oluwole Rotimi in the 1966 Nigerian army. Adewale Ademoyega was the last graduate to be commissioned directly into the Nigerian Army Infantry.

During the Biafran civil war, Adewale fought in the “Nigerian Liberation Army”, a part of the Biafran army led by Lieutenant Colonel Banjo.

My Independence Day Post, its Elaboration, BokoHaram and Minister Pantami’s Gigantic Example!

Major Ademoyega was released from detention by Biafran Head of State Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu, on August 13, 1966. He then formed the Biafran 19th Battalion and subsequently took over for Major Emmanuel Ifeajuna, who also helped with the 1966 coup as the chief of staff of the Liberation Army. Unfortunately for Major Ademoyega, His excellency Ojukwu received some intelligence that some officer would overthrow him. Major Ademoyega was detained along with several officers and comrades. Several of these officers would later be shot by Biafran forces. Maybe Ademoyega was spared however as he truly had nothing to do with this. He was detained for the remainder of the civil war.

Ademoyega was briefly ‘freed’ after the war. However, Federal forces put him right back in detention for his participation as part as the Liberation Army.

He was finally released along with twenty others during the 1974 Independence Day amnesty.

“Why We Struck”
Major Adewale Ademoyega’s book about the military coup d’état is regarded as one of the most controversial regarding the first Nigerian coup.

Adewale Ademoyega died on February 21, 2007 after being ill for sometime.

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