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Petition to Restore Historical Justice: Call to Abolish New Emirate System and Reinstate Sarki Sanusi as Emir of Kano Gains Momentum

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Muhammad Sunusi II 14th Emir of Kano

 

By Abdullahi Dahiru

There is a petition before the Kano state house of assembly to abolish the four emirates created by former Kano state Governor Ganduje and reinstate Sarki Sanusi as Emir of Kano. Many people think the four emirates should be allowed to stay and Sarki Sanusi should not accept the decision to be reinstated if the government decides to do that.

Well, if the government decides to abolish the four emirates and reinstate Sanusi as the Emir, it is about justice and preservation of history.

Let us go back to facts and history.
There are four kingmakers in Kano emirate. Some of them have ancestral homes in the rural areas and ancestral quarters in Kano city. The Danbazawa have Danbatta and Danbazau quarters. The Yolawa have Dawakin Tofa and Yola quarters. The Jobawa have Wudil and Wudilawa quarters. The balkanization of the Kano emirate by Ganduje stripped off those clans from leadership of those towns they inherited for a long time. The Kano kingmakers protested their new posting into the new emirates and decided to stay in Kano emirate but lost the leadership of their ancestral towns. In Dawakin Tofa his own brother was appointed as the new district head.
Sarkin Kano Sanusi I abdicated the throne in 1963 and went to exile in Azare Bauchi state. The PRP government promised to return him to Kano and fulfilled the promise within three months of coming to power. Sarkin Sanusi returned to Kano on 22nd December, 1979. That was justice.

The balkanization of the Kano emirate is reminiscent of the Kano civil war that happened in 1893. When Sarkin Kano Bello died in 1893, his son Tukur succeeded him. The sons of Sarki Maje Karofi were spited by the choice of Tukur over their own brother Galadima Yusuf the patriarch of the current Kano state governor Abba Kabir Yusuf.

Galadima Yusuf led a rebellion against Tukur. His supporters-the Yusufawa-left Kano and made Takai their temporary headquarters. In Takai, Yusuf appointed ‘shadow’ district heads with titles as if he was the reigning Emir. From Takai the Yusufawa launched attack on Kano after annexing several towns along the way. During the rebellion, Galadima Yusuf died at Garko and the Yusufawa appointed Alu as the new leader. The Yusufawa defeated Tukur who fled to Kamri in present day Katsina. The Yusufawa installed Sarki Alu as the new emir. Tukur was later killed at Tafashiya in a battle with Alu. When Alu became emir he confirmed the appointment of those shadow hakimai as substantive ones as a compensation.

The APC government campaigned on consolidating of the new emirates. The APC was echoing slogans that voting it into power again will guarantee the survival of the emirates. Eventhough NNPP did not campaign on abolishing the emirates but everybody knows its stand on them. Every Kano man knows where the current five Kano emirs stood during the 2023 election and where Sarki Sanusi stood. APC has lost and NNPP has won. Just the way Yusufawa compensated those that supported their cause, that is what may happen now.

The balkanization of Kano emirate was done by Governor Rimi in 1979 and was reversed by Governor Sabo Bakin Zuwo in 1983. Kwankwaso belongs to Tabo faction of Kano politics just like Sabo Bakin Zuwo. Ganduje belongs to the Santsi faction of Kano politics just like Rimi. If Kwankwasiyya did what Tabo faction did in 1983 that would not be surprising.

Kano historians and person with interest in history has never supported balkanization of Kano history. It distorted the history and stripped many people from ancestral offices they inherited. The APC government appointed party stalwarts and supporters as title holders and even kingmakers in the new Emirates. It created new ruling lineages that never existed before. Governor Ganduje did all those things just to spite and humiliate a single person he considered an enemy. He once boasted that the emirates created by Rimi did jot last because they were not backed by law. His own emirates would survive because they were backed by law. He failed to remember that his law was proposed and passed by the assembly in just two days and can be easily reversed by another governor.

Sarauta follows the culture of people. The people of the new emirates are still considered as Kanawa and not any other people. They spoke Kano Hausa dialect and not and other dialect. If Kano state government decides to abolish the new emirates and reinstate Sanusi, it is about preservation of history and culture of Kano people and justice. It is beyond the ambition of Sarki Sanusi alone.

Opinion

Unveiling the Complexities Behind Kano’s Emirate Tussle-Abdullahi Dahiru

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Dr.Abdullahi Dahiru

Many people reduce the current Emirate tussle in Kano to a ‘selfish’ fight between Muhammad Sanusi II and Aminu Ado Bayero over the throne of Kano Emirate. They think the matter should not be given and importance by the government since the Emirs have no constitutional power and no roles specified in the constitution.

But the imbroglio is far more than that. When Ganduje decided to depose Muhammad Sanusi I I, he did other things that were inimical to the sarauta system that made the return of Sanusi II very much easy and desirable.

Ganduje decided to balkanize the Kano Emirate into five bew distinct entities. He then took a map and decided to allocate each Emirate some local government areas as districts without looking at history or and cogent consideration. Part of the problem he created was posting of the four Kano kingmakers out of the Kano Emirate to the new ones he created and hence becoming subservient to the new Emirs. Traditionally, the kingmakers are next in importance to the Emir. The kingmakers defied their new postings and the new Emirs expelled them and remove some of them from being district heads of ancestral homes in Dambatta, Wudil and Dawakin Tofa. There were other important district heads that did not pay allegience to the new Emirs and were also expelled from their districts.

After expulsion of the Madaki from Dawakin Tofa, one of Ganduje’s relation was appointed as the district head. Many important APC stalwarts were appointed as title holders in the new Emirates like Alhassan Ado Doguwa and Musa Iliyasu Kwankwaso. The new Emirates came with appointment of new title holders, district heads and recruitment of several palace officials. The new Emirate law allocated right to be appointed as Emirs to certain families excluding others that were equally heirs in some of the new Emirates. The budget to maintain the five Emirate increased significantly.

The government decided to construct new township roads in the headquarters of the new Emirates and elevated the ststus of General Hospitals there to specialist hospitals to show that the creation of the Emirates has brought development to the rural areas. But the specialists hospitals were there only in name because there was no single specialist working there. Government could have brought the same development without creation of the new Emirates.

The APC government campaigned that voting it into power will make the new Emirates survive but that didn’t help the party as it lost election in the headquarters of most of the Emirates.

The repeal of the law that balkanized the Kano Emirare that made it possible for Ganduje to depose Sanusi II was not only about returning Sanusi but redressing many anomalies that emanated from Ganduje’s previous Emirate laws. Since the repeal of the law and return of Sanusi II to the throne many district heads and the Kano kingmakers have returned to the leadership of their ancestral towns that were hitherto usurped from them.

Some people are complaining that Kano people are fighting over a throne that has no value. But are people really fighting in Kano? I don’t think so. People are going about their normal businesses. Nobody was beaten or injured since the imbroglio started. It is only legal tussles that are on going and the courts will decide on all petitions over time.

The sarauta system in Kano is about the people, their culture and history. There are people that considers it important even when many think it is just relics of the past. Those that are not interested in the institution should stop whining and leave the interested parties to persue what they consider important legally.

Abdullahi Dahiru Writes from Kano

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Opinion

Rivers Boils, Kano Simmer: Political Chaos and Federal Indifference

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Harun Muhammad

For those that have been following with a keen interest, Rivers politics has been intensely boiling for almost a year now. First, a state Governor losing a control of his entire cabinet members, and the State Assembly intended to serve him an impeachment notice. Instead to allow that unfortunate event to happen, he instructed demolition of the House Assembly chamber. This single act could’ve been termed as an absolute abuse of power and treasonable offence against the democratic settings of our land. However, nothing happened.

Secondly, while on that mission of emancipation, we have watched with dismay how the police, under instructions from those close to the corridors of powers, discharge out hot water on the Executive Governor of Rivers, all in the attempt to stop him from having access to the Assembly chamber. However, that didn’t stop him. The Governor, used executive power to present his budget to minority assembly members, which was considered as illegitimate way of democratic processes. Again, nothing happened.

Thirdly, since last few months, there has been tension in the state because the tenure of the existing local government chairmen is expiring tomorrow. As a result, the Wike and Fubara’s camp started throwing heavy threats. The former’s camp is claiming that only the court of law can sack them while the later are saying, based on the orders from the Governor, they must vacate their seats before tomorrow. As I am writing this, it is getting spontaneously tense in Rivers, and only God knows when this melting pot will stop boiling.

Why am I saying this?

Ever since this series of events started to emerge in Rivers, the State Governor and the security forces in the state, despite multiple court orders and proceedings, have been working closely with Gov Fubara. There has never a time when a Commissioner of Police publicly disagreed with the Governor. In fact, the first CP was removed and new one was issued into the state at the peak of the turmoil just to make things easier for the Governor.

Rivers, being one of the oil-producing states, is a critical factor to Nigeria’s evaporating economy. With political instability on ground, a clear threat to the national security is conspicuously aiming to emerge. However, there was never a time the security forces takeover some portion of the state against the State Governor’s order. There was never a time security forces usurped the Executive Governor. There was never a single time.

On the other hand, in Kano, the state government passed a law to revert the Emirate to its status quo, which has been in existing over 100 years ago. The Governor, by the power given to him constitutionally, signed the bill into law. By that single Act, the Governor generously refused to send the dethroned out of the state against the tradition of the Emirate in the past.

Despite this, some political actors find themselves in a position to destabilise the peaceful coexistence of the state, which has given them everything. Consequently, with the help from the above, they have been fanning the embers of resentment which continues to smolder, threatening to reignite from time to time.

It should be noted that, the Rivers and Kano issues are mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive events. However, the later seems to have drawn more attention to the security forces and federal government, despite posing significantly less threat to the national security than the one in Rivers. The question is: why always Kano?

Again, it should be noted that the political actors, having been democratically defeated at the polls twice, including the courts, are hellbent to continuously cause unending chaos in Kano State, and therefore prepare them for 2027 election.

We shall remind the Federal Government that the people who are encouraging them to challenge a democratically elected Governor are not doing the entire process a favour. More specifically, what we want the state actors to note that they are setting a dangerous precedence because tomorrow someone with access to power could play a worse syntax against the laws in the land.

The world is watching, and seven years—even if those in power secure re-election—will quickly pass.

Haroun Muhammed writes from Lagos, Nigeria

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Opinion

The Wike ,I never Expect-Abba Hamisu

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Governor Wike making the address

 

Abba Hamisu

Glad to be a resident of Abuja the Federal Capital Territory FCT,glad to have Nyesom Wike as FCT Minister .

Yes in past nine years particularly from 2014 to 2022 I frequently visit Abuja from Kano mostly by air as one of my clients that I provide TV content for them paid the bill on weekly basis together with one or two of my workers at Time Base TvAfrica ,but from the Airport to my hotel all I see then was dust plus harders walking freely around some of the strategic areas of the city .

But with coming of the former Rivers State Governor Wike who mostly perceived to be a stubborn politician ,things have suddenly change overnight.

What I mean by overnight is that the man have change the face of Abuja within one year. I am proud with this development and appreciate the support of Dr. Bunkure ,the State Minister of FCT who was the former Commissioner for Higher Education in Kano State from 2019 to 2023.

With out bothering you much ,what really passionate me about this man is the completion of the Abuja Metro rail which was initiated during the second tenure of Chief Olusegun Obasanjo.

Serial FCT Ministers couldn’t complete this project but Wike did. From Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport to the National Stadium down to Edu rail station up to the Central area ,the main Metro stations,was a lovely journey,free of charge for all passengers including me on 7th June 2024 .And according to the plan ,the train will be free up to December 2024.

So Abuja residents like me and Visitors have every right to enjoy this giant project of Wike.

Congratulations Abuja residents and Nigerians by Extension.

My hope is to see Kano light rail soon ,forget about politics ,Governor Yusuf should learn from Wike ,as Prophet of Islam (S A.W ) said “Wisdom is the property of a pious man ,he should pick it where ever he see’s it”.

Kano need modern transportation system fly overs and under passes alone can not provide the needed solutions.

Abba Hamisu Sani ,is the CEO Time Base TvAfrica/Nigerian Bureau Chief Africa Press and the National Coordinator Society For Patriotic Journalism.

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